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Pak Sha O to be developed – official. Big win for developers; big loss for Hong Kong

by Robin Bradbeer


One of the prettiest areas of Sai Kung, Pak Sha O is about to be wrecked

The Town Planning Board (TPB) has decreed that developers can build up to 30 small houses on environmentally sensitive land in the classical Hakka village of Pak Sha O in Sai Kung West Country Park.

pso aerial

An aerial view of Pak Sha O Hakka village. Photo:

In its judgement on the proposals made by developers and environmentalists at the public hearing on 10 February 2017, recently released to objectors, they sided totally with the developers who own tracts of land in the village enclave and rejected the objections of those who highlighted the fact that any such development would be devastatingly harmful to the environment, both of the village but also the whole Pak Sha O river valley and the Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park – see our previous stories, Town Planning Board considers amendments to draft Outline Zoning Plan for Pak Sha O and Protected porpoises and dolphins logged at Hoi Ha for the first time.

In its letter to the objectors TPB states “After deliberation, the Board……………agreed that the draft Pak Sha O Outline Zoning Plan (OZP) should be amended by the proposed amendments for the following reasons:

(a)  the designation of the “Village Type Development” (“V”) zone in an area to the north of Pak Sha O Village is considered appropriate, which has balanced the needs for preservation of historic settlement at Pak Sha O and Small House development.  The “V” zone boundary has been drawn up having regard to the village ‘environs’, Small House demand forecast, outstanding Small House application, local topography and site constraints.  Only land suitable for Small House development has been included in the “V” zone whilst environmentally/ecologically sensitive areas and steep topography have been excluded.  Any new development of New Territories Exempted Houses within the “V” zone would be subject to planning control through the planning permission system; and

(b) planning permission is required for land filling activities in the “V” zone, the purpose of which is to enable the Town Planning Board to consider the potential flooding risk of any proposed development.  Each application will be considered on its individual merits”.

What it does not mention is that the land designated as V zone was sold to Xinhua Book Company by the indigenous villagers some time ago (Hoi Ha has the same developer). At the TPB meetings it was reported that there was a projected demand for up to 30 small houses to cater for the possible growth of the indigenous populations in the village, even though not a single such villager has lived in the village for many years, and that discussions with the current villagers living outside Pak Sha O showed that few planned to return! Quite coincidently, and similar to other Country Park enclaves that have been subjected to this zoning regime, the new V zone covers the land owned by developers almost exactly!

A number of objectors at the meeting on 10 February pointed out that there was no road access to the village; access is by a small footpath that takes around ten minutes to walk. There is currently no planning permission to build an access road. Questions raised by objectors concerning the building of 30 houses included:

  • how will emergency services gain access?
  • where will cars park (there are only four legal car parking spaces on Hoi Ha Road and there are currently seven vehicles belonging to residents of Pak Sha O plus a large lorry belonging to the commercial company which is currently farming the previously abandoned rice paddy)?
  • Any proposed road would impact heavily on the environment and mean extensive infilling of an area of environmental importance, including many of the streams that feed to river/marine park and the Water Supplies Department catchment dam.
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Agricultural destruction of ecologically sensitive wetland. Photo: LCSD

Other objectors pointed out that those currently farming the old paddy  are definitely not local indigenous Hakka Farmers, but are mainland Chinese “guest workers”. And who are they working for? It is quite possible that this is another example of developers trashing an area so as to diminish its environmental importance. I would take an educated guess that they work for a company associated with the developers.

After the presentation, it was reported that the non-resident ‘farmers’ erected a series of 15 miniature China flags along the perimeter of the path bordering the proposed building site!

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The Chinese flags surrounding the V zone area

It is clear that the introduction of zoning for the Country Park enclaves is the thin end of the wedge to allow developers in. The “coincidental” overlapping of designated new V zones with land owned by a small group of developers, and not government and or remaining indigenous owned land, seems to indicate that the current zoning concepts are not fit for purpose. We should be pushing for all such enclaves to be integrated into the Country Parks as soon as possible to stop this madness. There are precedents for this; it’s not difficult if the political will is there.

The minutes of the full Town Planning Board meeting can be found at

Dr Robin Bradbeer is Secretary of The Professional Commons, and Policy Convener, Country Parks.

5 Comments on Pak Sha O to be developed – official. Big win for developers; big loss for Hong Kong

  1. Geoff Carey // 20 March 2017 at 1:57 PM // Reply

    That sums it up pretty well, although it should be noted that originally the developer, via indigenous villager representation and the Sai Kung North Rural Committee, asked for many more than 30 houses. Certainly the farmers are working for the developer: the permit of the van is in the name of the development company.

    As this is a case where the land transactions are highly suggestive of the same illegal practice that occurred at Sha Tin, for which those involved were jailed, we can only hope that the same kind of deterrent is enacted here.

    However, it should be noted that the TPB has singularly failed, yet again, to do its job. Instead of formulating a plan, it simply follows the PlanD line and goes for a compromise. In other words, what does the developer want?, what do the green groups want?, then draw a line halfway between the two. This is not planning, it is simply avoiding the issue. There are plenty of reasons why development in the valley floor is inappropriate, but there are also good reasons for allowing sympathetic development (i.e. houses that reflect the existing vernacular architecture) in the village itself, which would revitalise the community. However, the board could not even see that, and excluded from the developable area plots which could easily have accommodated this kind of approach.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. rsbradbeer // 20 March 2017 at 7:44 PM // Reply

    Totally spot on Geoff. There are wheels within wheels here, and elsewhere, that would fill many, many similar articles!


  3. Guy Shirra // 20 July 2017 at 10:53 AM // Reply

    Unfortunately, after reporting similar malpractices in respect of O Tau/Long Keng, it seems that the ICAC cannot or will not intervene. With all this rampant collusion, the “Back Garden of Hong Kong” is screwed.


  4. John Wright // 20 July 2017 at 8:17 PM // Reply

    This bears all the classic hallmarks of a small house criminal fraud to which PlanD, LandsD, TPB and other officials turn a blind eye. First, the developer buys the land plots, next, after TPB approves zoning for houses, the developer transfers the legal land title to a convenient villager in the diaspora who applies for a small house, having secretly signed away all his equitable rights in the land and house to the developers, in return for a payment. There is rampant corruption and it seems our law enforcement agencies will not act. Behind the scenes dirty political influence is at work here.


  5. John Wright // 20 July 2017 at 8:21 PM // Reply

    P.S. much of the Pak Sha O Valley is a water gathering ground for WSD which multiple small houses with septic tank sewage systems will pollute. Effluent will also find its way down the stream to the Hoi Ha Marine Park. These points were made to TPB, so why did it brush them aside?


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